Last update: 14:30 | 11/05/2018
Russia's Julia Samoylova performing I Won't Break -- Photo: ANDRES PUTTING
It will be the first time the country has not qualified since 1998, going back to before the semi-final stage of the competition was introduced.
Australia, Denmark and Hungary are among the countries to have gone through to Saturday's grand final.
One country which won't see Saturday's final is China, after the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) barred one of the country's most popular TV channels from broadcasting it after Mango TV censored LGBT elements of the first semi-final on Tuesday.
Alexander Rybak is going for glory a second time round -- Photo: PA
Russia's act, Julia Samoylova, was supposed to take part in 2017 but was unable to do so after Russia did not participate, when the event was held in Ukraine. She appeared instead this year, but was unable to progress beyond the semi-final.
Poland was also eliminated - despite their song Light Me Up being well-liked and well-received in Lisbon's Altice Arena.
Rybak opened the proceedings to raptures from the stadium - clearly still enjoying a large fan base following his Fairytale win nine years ago.
We got sequins and we got love - Australia's Jess Mauboy -- Photo: PA
But the best reception of the night went to Australia's Jessica Mauboy, who gave an impassioned performance of her song We Got Love. The audience almost took the roof off for the Darwin singer, who looked truly overwhelmed by the response, after she finished.
Other notable acts to go through from the second semi-final include metal act AWS from Hungary and Sweden's Benjamin Ingrosso - cousin of Swedish House Mafia's Sebastian Ingrosso.
Sweden's Benjamin Ingrosso will take part in the final -- Photo: ANDRES PUTTING
The second semi-final saw the following countries selected through a combination of jury and public vote: Norway, Serbia, Denmark, Moldova, The Netherlands, Australia, Hungary, Sweden, Slovenia and Ukraine
The successful countries join the likes of bookies' favourite Cyprus - represented by pop star Eleni Foureira - and Israel's Netta in the final.
The UK's entrant, SuRie, has the weight of British hopes resting on her shoulders. The 29-year-old will perform her anthemic track, Storm, which she says is intended to inspire hope.
Will SuRie weather the Storm in Saturday's final? -- Photo: EPA